But despite several ceasefire agreements, India and Pakistan have never officially delineated the “line of control” in the far north of Kashmir, including the Siachs. And the two parties publish different maps that represent their version of geography. The word derives from Greek for mountain, and Indian Army Colonel Narendra Kumar can rightly claim to be the modern father of oropolitik, as his revolutionary explorations paved the way for the Indian glacier in early 1984. India`s selfish interest in the conflict was also the main cause of the problem. Because of its strategic position, India wants to conquer K.2. He also wants to go to the Karakorum highway and intervene between Pak-China relations. Even an Indian army official said the glacier was not only strategic, but also a “5,000 square kilometre water reservoir” of the future. It is also proven that in April 1984, India conquered Saltroo Ridge and two important passes conquered by Sia La (6160m) and Bilafond La (5550m) in the Pakistan region. It also aimed to go further towards the K.2, but the Pakistani army became an obstacle to its objective. In 1978, a German expedition of Siachen-Kondus, led by Jaroslav Poncar (other members Volker Stallbohm and Wolfgang Kohl, liaison officer Major Asad Raza), arrived in Siachen via Bilafond La and built the base camp at the confluence of Siachen and Teram Shehr.
The documentary “Longest Glacier Expedition” was screened in 1979 on the 3rd WDR channel. India immediately sent troops to Siachen and beat Pakistan by a week. At that time, they already had control of the glacier and the adjacent Saltoro back, with the help of Col Kumar`s maps. One of the most important Indian plants on the Siachen is today called Kumar Base after it. On April 1, Indian General Dalbir Singh and General D. S. Hooda of the Northern Command visited the Siachens Glacier to raise morale after the deaths of 17 soldiers in 2016.  The Glacial Region is the highest battlefield in the world where Pakistan and India have sometimes fought since April 1984. Both countries have a permanent military presence in the region at an altitude of more than 6,000 meters. But when he was allowed to make a counter-shipment in 1978, it quickly infiltrated across the border.
“When we arrived at the Siachen, Pakistani helicopters came over us,” smiles Col Kumar, “and they fired colored smoke.” The Indian Army controls all 76 kilometers long and 2553 km2 of Siachen glaciers and all its secondary glaciers, as well as all the passes and heights of Saltoro Ridge directly west of the glacier, including Sia La, Bilafond La and Gyong La, and thus maintains the tactical advantage of the high mountain.      The Indians could stick to the tactical advantage of the High Sol… Most of India`s many outposts lie west of the Siachen Glacier along the Saltoro Range. In a scientific study with detailed maps and satellite images, the Pakistani and Indian military brigades co-wrote, pages 16 and 27: “Since 1984, the Indian army has been in physical possession of most of the heights on the Saltoro Range west of the Siachens Glacier, while the Pakistani army has been insensiting in lower positions on the western slopes of the spurs that started from the Saltoros ridge line.