Britannica.com: Encyclopedia Article on Agreements In the United States a “book for rent” (published after 1978) obtains copyright protection up to 120 years after creation or 95 years after publication, depending on what comes first. This is different from the American copyright standard, the life of the author over 70 years, because the “author” of a work to rent is often not a real person, in which case the standard term would be unlimited, which is contrary to the Constitution.  Works published before 1978 do not distinguish in the concept of copyright between loan works and those with recognized individual works. A commercial contract is a legally binding agreement between two or more persons or entities. According to the loan office, there can only be an interim in two circumstances: an author has the inalienable right to terminate a transfer of copyright 35 years after the acceptance of a permanent waiver of copyright.  However, according to the U.S. Copyright Office, in Circular 9, “the termination clauses of the law do not apply to loan work.”  These restrictions, both in the work of the recruitment doctrine and in the right to terminate, consist in recognizing that artists often face unequal bargaining power in their business relationships. However, failure to reach a workplace work agreement through the commissioning of organizations can lead to difficult situations. An example is the 1985 Portlandia statue of artist Raymond Kaskey, a symbol of the city of Portland, Oregon. Unlike most public artworks, Kaskey has issued strict prohibitions for the use of images of the statue that sits on the main entrance to the famous Portland building. He sued Paramount Pictures for recordings of the statue in the Madonna film Body of Evidence. As a result, it is almost impossible to film parts of one of Portland`s busiest downtown neighborhoods, and the city has lost the potential to create goods and memories from one of its most famous sites.  The first situation applies only if the author of the work is a worker and not an independent contractor.
 The determination that a person is employed for the purpose of acting work is determined by the Agency`s common law, in which a court is attentive to a large number of factors in determining the existence of an employer-worker relationship.